Can Crowdfunding and Peer-to-Peer Lending Affect Your Credit Score?

As the world of finance continues to evolve, more and more people are turning to alternative lending methods such as crowdfunding and peer-to-peer lending. These methods offer a unique way to secure funds, often bypassing traditional financial institutions. However, a common question that arises is whether these alternative lending methods can affect your credit score. The answer is not straightforward and depends on several factors, including the platform used and the type of loan or funding sought.

Understanding Crowdfunding and Peer-to-Peer Lending

Crowdfunding and peer-to-peer lending are innovative ways to raise funds. Crowdfunding involves raising small amounts of money from a large number of people, typically via the Internet. It’s often used by entrepreneurs, artists, and charities. Peer-to-peer lending, on the other hand, is a method of debt financing that enables individuals to borrow and lend money without the use of an official financial institution as an intermediary.

Impact on Credit Score

Generally, crowdfunding does not affect your credit score as it’s not a loan and doesn’t involve any repayment. However, peer-to-peer lending can impact your credit score, but the extent varies.

Hard Inquiries

When you apply for a peer-to-peer loan, the lender may perform a hard inquiry on your credit report to assess your creditworthiness. A hard inquiry can lower your credit score by a few points and can stay on your credit report for two years.

Debt-to-Income Ratio

If you secure a peer-to-peer loan, it will increase your overall debt, which can affect your debt-to-income ratio. A high debt-to-income ratio can negatively impact your credit score.

Payment History

Like any other loan, your payment history on a peer-to-peer loan can affect your credit score. If you make your payments on time, it can help improve your credit score. However, late or missed payments can negatively impact your score.

Reporting to Credit Bureaus

Not all peer-to-peer lenders report to the credit bureaus. However, many of the larger platforms do. If your lender reports to the credit bureaus, your loan and payment history will appear on your credit report. If they don’t report, the loan won’t affect your credit score, unless you default and the debt is sold to a collection agency.


While crowdfunding typically does not affect your credit score, peer-to-peer lending can. It’s important to understand the potential impact on your credit score before engaging in any form of alternative lending. Always research the platform and lender, and consider seeking advice from a financial advisor.